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In a statement, Microsoft said that they «provide customer data only in response to legal processes. Windows 10 was criticized on-launch for having default settings that send various information regarding user behaviors to Microsoft and its «trusted partners», such as data regarding user contacts and calendar events, location data and history, «telemetry» diagnostics data ; [] this could not be fully disabled on non-enterprise versions of Windows 10 , an «advertising ID», as well as further data when the Cortana assistant is enabled in full.

Microsoft faced criticism from France’s data protection commission and the European Union for its practices in regards to Windows On subsequent iterations of the OS, Microsoft has clarified its data collection policies, and made its out-of-box experience provide clearer information on Windows privacy settings, and the effects they have on the overall user experience.

In May , Microsoft announced that a number of its MSN contract journalists would be replaced by robot journalism leading to criticism about which stories would be displayed and their quality. Microsoft has come under some criticism for its attitude to homosexuality and Xbox Live.

Users may not use the string «gay» in a gamertag even in a non-homosexual context, for example as part of a surname , or refer to homosexuality in their profile including self-identifying as such , as the company considers this «content of a sexual nature» or «offensive» to other users and therefore unsuitable for the service.

Asymmetric numeral systems is widely used family of method in data compression, whose author gave it to public domain – wanting to be unrestricted by the patent system, also successfully defending from patent by Google. In , the Australian Strategic Policy Institute accused at least 82 major brands of being connected to forced Uyghur labor in Xinjiang. Microsoft is reported as being supplied by three Chinese factories employing Uyghur and Xinjiang workers.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Overview of the criticism of Microsoft. Further information: Software patents and free software. Main article: Bundling of Microsoft Windows. Main article: Microsoft litigation. European Committee for Interoperable Systems. March 31, Archived PDF from the original on June 18, Retrieved May 25, The Register. Archived from the original on May 17, Retrieved May 17, CIO Updates.

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Chris Pratley’s OneNote Blog. Archived from the original on December 17, I also detected another old saw about hidden advantages or undocumented APIs that somehow made Word better than competing apps. The reality on this is so counter to the conspiracy it is astounding. The Office team barely talks to the Windows team.

The Old New Thing. Archived from the original on March 16, Retrieved September 18, Archived from the original on April 26, Retrieved June 1, We repeat. Microsoft has signed up to the OIN». Archived from the original on October 11, Port July 6, Archived from the original on May 23, Retrieved July 7, Under the Community Promise, Microsoft provides assurance that it will not assert its Necessary Claims against anyone who makes, uses, sells, offers for sale, imports, or distributes any Covered Implementation under any type of development or distribution model, including open-source licensing models such as the LGPL or GPL.

ZDNet Asia. Canonical Ltd. It is common practice in the software industry to register patents as protection against litigation, rather than as an intent to litigate. Thus mere existence of a patent, without a claim of infringement, is not sufficient reason to warrant exclusion from the Ubuntu Project. June 12, Retrieved July 4, Los Angeles Times. April 9, Archived from the original on August 4, France October 28, Archived from the original on July 1, China Daily. Archived from the original on February 15, Best Price Computers Ltd.

February Archived from the original on March 18, September 27, It came bundled with Windows 2. The setup program runs in DOS, like most Windows-based applications at the time.

Microsoft Project 3. The setup program now runs in Windows, and it is based on Microsoft’s own setup program, which was also used by e. Microsoft Visual Basic 2. Microsoft Project 4. It was the last bit version. This version allowed user to consolidate up to 80 projects. Microsoft Project 95 4. Updated version, called Microsoft Project 4. Additionally it was the last version to open Project 3. Microsoft Project 98 was fully bit, and the first to use Tahoma font in the menu bars, to contain Office Assistant , like all Office 97 applications, introduced view bar, AutoFilter, task splitting, Assignment Information dialog, resource availability dates, project status date, user-entered actual costs, new task types, multiple critical paths, in-sheet controls, ability to rename custom fields, Web publishing features, new database format, Task Usage, Tracking Gantt and Resource Usage views, Web features, Web toolbar, PERT analysis features, resource contouring, cost rate tables, effort-driven scheduling, cross-project linking, indicators, progress lines, ability to save project files in HTML format, ability to analyze time-scaled data in Excel, improved limits for the number of tasks, resources, outline levels etc.

It was the last version to run on Windows NT 3. Project 98 SR-1 was a major service release addressing several issues in Project Microsoft Project was the first to use personalized menus, Microsoft Agent -based Office Assistant and to use Windows Installer -based setup interface, like all Office applications, and introduced Microsoft Project Central later renamed Microsoft Project Server.

Notable new features include ability to create personal Gantt charts, ability to apply filters in Network Diagram view, AutoSave, task calendars, ability to create projects based on templates and to specify default save path and format, graphical indicators, material resources, deadline dates, OLE DB, grouping, outline codes, estimated durations, month duration, value lists and formulas custom fields, contoured resource availability, ability to clear baseline, variable row height, in-cell editing, fill handle, ability to set fiscal year in timescale, single document interface , accessibility features, COM add-ins, pluggable language user interface, roaming user and Terminal Services support, ability to set task and project priority up to 1, previously 10 and HTML help.

Project SR-1 fixed several bugs. It was also the last version to run on Windows NT 4. It was available in two editions for the first time, Standard and Professional. Office Assistant is installed but not enabled by default. Microsoft Project was the last to contain the menu bar and toolbars.

Office Assistant was removed entirely. Additionally it was the first bit version. Volume licensing activation was introduced in this version. New features include integrated communication Skype for Business is required. Microsoft Project is the last to support Windows 7 and Windows 8.

Microsoft Project runs only on Windows 10 , and it contains features carried over from Office New features include ability to link tasks using a drop-down menu, Task Summary Name field, timeline bar labels and task progress, accessibility improvements. Versions for Windows were released in v1. The project creates budgets based on assignment work and resource rates.

As resources are assigned to tasks and assignment work estimated, the program calculates the cost, equal to the work times the rate, which rolls up to the task level and then to any summary tasks and finally to the project level.

Resource definitions people, equipment and materials can be shared between projects using a shared resource pool. Each resource can have its own calendar, which defines what days and shifts a resource is available. Resource rates are used to calculate resource assignment costs which are rolled up and summarized at the resource level. The first version of Word for Windows was released in With the release of Windows 3.

As of February [update] , it is still available for download from Microsoft’s web site. Both the Windows and Mac OS versions would start from the same code base. It was abandoned when it was determined that it would take the development team too long to rewrite and then catch up with all the new capabilities that could have been added at the same time without a rewrite.

With the release of Word 6. It introduced AutoCorrect, which automatically fixed certain typing errors, and AutoFormat, which could reformat many parts of a document at once. While the Windows version received favorable reviews e. Many accused it of being slow, clumsy and memory intensive, and its user interface differed significantly from Word 5.

Word for Windows is available stand-alone or as part of the Microsoft Office suite. Word contains rudimentary desktop publishing capabilities and is the most widely used word processing program on the market. Word files are commonly used as the format for sending text documents via e-mail because almost every user with a computer can read a Word document by using the Word application, a Word viewer or a word processor that imports the Word format see Microsoft Word Viewer.

It was a straightforward port of Word 6. Starting with Word 95, releases of Word were named after the year of its release, instead of its version number. Word introduced a redesigned user interface that emphasized the most common controls, dividing them into tabs, and adding specific options depending on the context, such as selecting an image or editing a table.

The redesigned interface also includes a toolbar that appears when selecting text, with options for formatting included.

Word also included the option to save documents as Adobe Acrobat or XPS files, [34] and upload Word documents like blog posts on services such as WordPress. Word allows the customization of the Ribbon, [35] adds a Backstage view for file management, [36] has improved document navigation, allows creation and embedding of screenshots, [37] and integrates with online services such as Microsoft OneDrive.

Word added co-authoring, a visual refresh on the start experience and tabs, automatic cloud saving, dark mode, line focus, an updated draw tab, and support for ODF 1. The Mac was introduced on January 24, , and Microsoft introduced Word 1. Each platform restarted its version numbering at «1. Word 4. The later Word 6 was a Windows port and poorly received. Many people continue to run Word 5. Document compatibility reached parity with Word 97, [29] and it included features from Word 97 for Windows, including spell and grammar checking with squiggles.

Word , released in , added a few new features, including the Office Clipboard , which allowed users to copy and paste multiple items. Word X, released in , was the first version to run natively on, and required, Mac OS X, [40] and introduced non-contiguous text selection. Word was released in May It included a new Notebook Layout view for taking notes either by typing or by voice.

Word , released on January 15, , included a Ribbon-like feature, called the Elements Gallery, that can be used to select page layouts and insert custom diagrams and images.

It also included a new view focused on publishing layout, integrated bibliography management, [45] and native support for the new Office Open XML format. It was the first version to run natively on Intel-based Macs. Word , released in October , replaced the Elements Gallery in favor of a Ribbon user interface that is much more similar to Office for Windows, [47] and includes a full-screen mode that allows users to focus on reading and writing documents, and support for Office Web Apps.

Word , added real-time co-authoring, automatic cloud saving, dark mode, immersive reader enhancements, line focus, a visual refresh, the ability to save pictures in SVG format, and a new Sketched style outline. Microsoft Word’s native file formats are denoted either by a. Although the. The classic Mac OS of the era did not use filename extensions. The newer. During the late s and early s, the default Word document format. DOC became a de facto standard of document file formats for Microsoft Office users.

According to Joel Spolsky , Word Binary File Format is extremely complex mainly because its developers had to accommodate an overwhelming number of features and prioritize performance over anything else. As with all OLE Compound Files, Word Binary Format consists of «storages», which are analogous to computer folders and «streams», which are similar to computer files.

Each storage may contain streams or other storage. Word and later continue to support the DOC file format, although it is no longer the default. Opening a Word Document file in a version of Word other than the one with which it was created can cause an incorrect display of the document.

The document formats of the various versions change in subtle and not so subtle ways such as changing the font or the handling of more complex tasks like footnotes. Formatting created in newer versions does not always survive when viewed in older versions of the program, nearly always because that capability does not exist in the previous version.

In October , one year before the Microsoft Office suite was released, Microsoft declared that there was insufficient demand from Microsoft customers for the international standard OpenDocument format support and that therefore it would not be included in Microsoft Office This statement was repeated in the following months. This work was started in response to government requests for interoperability with ODF. The goal of project was not to add ODF support to Microsoft Office, but only to create a plugin and an external tool-set.

Among its features, Word includes a built-in spell checker, a thesaurus, a dictionary, and utilities for manipulating and editing text. The following are some aspects of its feature set. Several later versions of Word include the ability for users to create their formatting templates, allowing them to define a file in which: the title, heading, paragraph, and other element designs differ from the standard Word templates.

For example, Normal. It determines the margin defaults as well as the layout of the text and font defaults. Although Normal. This will change other documents which were created using the template. It can also be used to create and display simple line art. Microsoft Word added support [81] for the common SVG vector image format in for Office ProPlus subscribers and this functionality was also included in the Office release.

WordArt enables drawing text in a Microsoft Word document such as a title, watermark, or other text, with graphical effects such as skewing, shadowing, rotating, stretching in a variety of shapes and colors, and even including three-dimensional effects. Users can apply formatting effects such as shadow, bevel, glow, and reflection to their document text as easily as applying bold or underline.

Users can also spell-check text that uses visual effects and add text effects to paragraph styles. A Macro is a rule of pattern that specifies how a certain input sequence often a sequence of characters should be mapped to an output sequence according to a defined process.

Frequently used or repetitive sequences of keystrokes and mouse movements can be automated. Like other Microsoft Office documents, Word files can include advanced macros and even embedded programs.

This extensive functionality can also be used to run and propagate viruses in documents. The tendency for people to exchange Word documents via email, USB flash drives , and floppy disks made this an especially attractive vector in A prominent example was the Melissa virus , but countless others have existed. These macro viruses were the only known cross-platform threats between Windows and Macintosh computers and they were the only infection vectors to affect any macOS system up until the advent of video codec trojans in Word’s macro security setting, which regulates when macros may execute, can be adjusted by the user, but in the most recent versions of Word, it is set to HIGH by default, generally reducing the risk from macro-based viruses, which have become uncommon.

Before Word Word 14 for Windows, the program was unable to correctly handle ligatures defined in OpenType fonts. Since Word , the program now has advanced typesetting features which can be enabled, [83] OpenType ligatures, [84] kerning and hyphenation previous versions already had the latter two features. Other layout deficiencies of Word include the inability to set crop marks or thin spaces. Various third-party workaround utilities have been developed.

In Word for Mac OS X, support of complex scripts was inferior even to Word 97 [86] and Word did not support Apple Advanced Typography features like ligatures or glyph variants. Microsoft word is only awkwardly suitable for some kinds of technical writing, specifically, that which requires: mathematical equations , figure placement, table placement and cross-references to any of these items. The usual workaround for equations is to use a third-party equation typesetter.

Figures and tables must be placed manually; there is an anchor mechanism but it is not designed for fully automatic figure placement and editing text after placing figures and tables often requires re-placing those items by moving the anchor point and even then the placement options are limited. This problem is deeply baked into Word’s structure since as it does not know where page breaks will occur until the document is printed. Microsoft Word supports bullet lists and numbered lists.

It also features a numbering system that helps add correct numbers to pages, chapters, headers, footnotes, and entries of tables of content; these numbers automatically change to correct ones as new items are added or existing items are deleted. Bullets and numbering can be applied directly to paragraphs and converted to lists. In particular, a second irrelevant numbered list might have not started with number one but instead resumed numbering after the last numbered list. Although Word 97 supported a hidden marker that said the list numbering must restart afterward, the command to insert this marker Restart Numbering command was only added in Word However, if one were to cut the first item of the listed and paste it as another item e.

Users can also create tables in Word. Depending on the version, Word can perform simple calculations — along with support for formulas and equations as well. Word continues to default to non-Unicode characters and non-hierarchical bulleting, despite user preference for Powerpoint-style symbol hierarchies e. Available in certain versions of Word e. According to Ron Fein of the Word 97 team, AutoSummarize cuts wordy copy to the bone by counting words and ranking sentences.

First, AutoSummarize identifies the most common words in the document barring «a» and «the» and the like and assigns a «score» to each word — the more frequently a word is used, the higher the score. Then, it «averages» each sentence by adding the scores of its words and dividing the sum by the number of words in the sentence — the higher the average, the higher the rank of the sentence.

AutoSummarize was removed from the Office release version 14 as well. Word Mobile is a word processor that allows creating and editing documents. It supports basic formatting, such as bolding, changing font size, and changing colors from red, yellow, or green.

It can add comments, but can’t edit documents with tracked changes. It can’t open password protected documents, change the typeface, text alignment, or style normal, heading 1 ; create bulleted lists; insert pictures; or undo. Word for the web is a free lightweight version of Microsoft Word available as part of Office on the web, which also includes web versions of Microsoft Excel and Microsoft PowerPoint.

Word for the web lacks some Ribbon tabs, such as Design and Mailings. Mailings allows users to print envelopes and labels and manage mail merge printing of Word documents. Certain advanced features like table sorting or columns will not be displayed but are preserved as they were in the document.

Other views available in the Word desktop app Outline, Draft, Web Layout and Full Screen Reading are not available, nor are side-by-side viewing, split windows and the ruler. The second and third password types were developed by Microsoft for convenient shared use of documents rather than for their protection. There is no encryption of documents that are protected by such passwords and the Microsoft Office protection system saves a hash sum of a password in a document’s header where it can be easily accessed and removed by the specialized software.

Password to open a document offers much tougher protection that had been steadily enhanced in the subsequent editions of Microsoft Office. Word 95 and all the preceding editions had the weakest protection that utilized a conversion of a password to a bit key.

Key length in Word 97 and was strengthened up to 40 bit. However, modern cracking software allows removing such a password very quickly — a persistent cracking process takes one week at most. Use of rainbow tables reduces password removal time to several seconds.


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Microsoft word 2013 not working free –

Microsoft Word is the only program you need to manage and process Word documents. To learn how to update Office, see Install Office updates. No jargon. With the tools available in this program, you can effortlessly switch страница multiple documents in various tabs.